Monday, April 14, 2014

Dog Flu

Dog flu is a relatively new strain of influenza. This virus, belonging to the influenza A family, is a mutated strain of an equine influenza virus that has been detected in horses for more than 40 years. It was first reported in January 2004 at a greyhound track in Florida. Since then, it has been reported in other states. Dogs in shelters, humane societies, and boarding facilities are at particular risk and are often vaccinated.
There have been confirmed cases in 30 States in the U.S. Dogs are highly susceptible to the disease since they have no immunity from prior infections.
Dogs can only catch the flu from other dogs. It is transmitted through the air, usually by dogs coughing or sneezing on each other. If your dog has not been around any other dogs in the past week or so, then he can’t have the flu.

Infected dogs can spread the flu for 7 to 10 days after symptoms appear. Dogs that show no clinical signs can also spread the disease.
Humans cannot catch the flu from dogs; it is a different strain of flu.

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Components of Dog Food

Food must contain all the essential components listed below, which together and in the correct proportion fulfill the requirements of a healthy dog. Energy level, body weight, age and health are sometimes important factors which should be considered when considering the approviate levels of each component. Ingredients named on a dog food label must account for 95% of all ingredients in the food.

  • Water;Fresh & clean water should be available all times. It is most important component of a canine food. Usually all mammals require some 44 – 66 ml/Kg B.W of water daily, and for dogs, the most appropriate way is to let a dog drink water 2 – 3 times a day with dry dog food, while making water continually available throughout the day so a dog can drink as it feels it needs to.