Thursday, June 26, 2014

Tabby Cats

Tabby refers to the pattern on a cat's coat and is not a breed.   The name "tabby" is believed to have derived from Atabi, which is a type of striped taffeta (known as tabbi) that was manufactured in the Attabiah district of Baghdad.
The word tabby was derived from a kind of taffeta, or ribbed silk, which when calendered or what is now termed "watered", is by that process covered with wavy lines. This stuff, in bygone times was often called "tabby:" hence the cat with lines or markings on its fur was called a "tabby" cat. But it might also, one would suppose, with as much justice, be called a taffey cat, unless the calendering of "taffey" caused it to become "tabby". Certain it is that the word tabby only referred to the marking or stripes, not to the absolute colour.

Genetically all cats are tabby, however many possess "modifier" genes which inhibit this pattern from being expressed. The mackerel tabby (Mc) is the "default" (wild type) pattern, with the classic pattern being recessive (mc). Recessive genes require two copies (one from each parent) in order to be expressed. The spotted tabby is essentially a mackerel tabby with a modifier gene which breaks up the markings from stripes into spots.  If cats were allowed to do their thing (so to speak), and no more selective breeding occurred, then they would eventually revert back to the default tabby pattern after a few generations. This is known as "revert to type".

Monday, June 23, 2014

Changing Cat's Diet

Generally it is known that  a sudden change in cat's diet will result in refusal to eat the new diet or stomach upset. Some owners will try to out wait their cat who is refusing to eat the new diet, but this is not a good idea as it can lead to a potentially fatal disorder known as hepatic lipidosis (or fatty liver disease) in which in response to the body not receiving enough nutrients, fat is sent to the liver to be used as fuel, unfortunately the liver is not very efficient at processing fat, which begins to build up in the liver, causing it to no longer function properly.

 Needs to change cat's diet ?

  • Cats may be put on a prescription diet to help manage a medical disorder such as kidney or liver disease.
  • They may have developed a food allergy.
  • The food you are feeding may no longer be available.
  • Switching over from a kitten food to an adult food, or an adult food to a senior food.
  • Changing from wet to dry, or homemade etc.
  • Bringing a new cat home, always ask the breeders what cat has been eating, so that you can have some of their regular food on hand and gradually transition the cat over to what we feed.

Wednesday, June 11, 2014

Most Common Signs Of Digestive Disorders in Dogs

The most common signs of digestive disorders are soft stools or diarrhea. If your dog has digestive issues, you may also notice some or all of the following signs.
  • Vomiting
  • Regurgitation
  • Flatulence
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea/Constipation 
Chronic GI disease can be a debilitating problem for many dogs and requires testing and a thorough diagnosis from veterinarian.

Colitis in Dogs

Colitis is an inflammation of the colon. It is responsible for about 50 percent of cases of chronic diarrhea in dogs. The signs of colitis are painful defecation, prolonged squatting and straining, flatulence, and passing many small stools mixed with blood and mucus. These signs can easily be mistaken for constipation.
The usual cause of colitis is one of the inflammatory bowel diseases. Whipworms are another frequent cause. Fungal colitis is uncommon. It targets dogs with immune deficiency and lowered resistance. Prototheca colitis is a rare disease caused by an algae. It produces a severe form of colitis and can become systemic. Treatment has not been successful.

Colitis is diagnosed by colonoscopy and colon biopsy. Stool specimens are examined for parasites and fungi.
Irritable bowel syndrome describes a diarrhea motility disorder often associated with stress. It tends to occur in high-strung, nervous dogs. Dogs with irritable bowel syndrome have frequent small stools, often mixed with mucus. The diagnosis is based on the exclusion of other causes of colitis.
Treatment is directed toward the underlying condition, often an inflammatory bowel disease. Irritable bowel syndrome can be helped by a high-fiber diet. Bacterial causes of colitis, such as salmonella, campylobactor, and clostridium, will respond to appropriate antibiotics.