Vomiting is a very common problem with cats with a multitude of causes. They range from eating something poisonous or inedible (like string), to infection, urinary tract disease, or diabetes to hairballs. Symptoms are usually obvious, and include drooling and abdominal heaving. Vomiting can quickly leave your cat dehydrated. Vomiting can be a result of something minor, like a cat consuming his meal too quickly, or it can be a sign of a much more serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. Usually, a cat vomits because he ate something disagreeable, ate too much or played too soon after dinner. Vomiting can also be associated with gastrointestinal or systemic disorders.
Some causes for a sudden episode of vomiting, or acute vomiting, include:
- Bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract
- Diet-related causes (diet change, food intolerance)
- Gastric or intestinal foreign bodies (toys, hairballs)
- Intestinal parasite
- Acute kidney failure
- Acute liver failure or gall bladder inflammation
- Post-operative nausea
- Toxins or chemicals
- Viral infections
- Certain medications.